- “In Their Place”: Marking and Unmarking Shi’ism in Pahlavi Iran.
- April 2nd, 2012
Dr. Aaron Vahid Sealy, in his Ph.D. thesis, includes the case of the Baha’is in Iran. With close to 400 references to the Baha’i Faith and the Baha’is in Iran, Dr. Sealy covers many cultural, political, and religious aspects that have been played and have formed the current situation for the Baha’is in Iran. The full thesis is available form Deep Blue site, the repository at Michigan University. The abstract is reproduced below.
“IN THEIR PLACE”: MARKING AND UNMARKING SHI’ISM IN PAHLAVI IRAN
Aaron Vahid Sealy
A dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy (History) in The University of Michigan 2011
This dissertation reevaluates early Shi’ite nationalism in Pahlavi Iran (1925-79). It asks why it is that the Shi’ite ulama were among the Shah’s most loyal supporters during the 1953 coup that restored him to power, yet a decade later clerical activists had largely abandoned royalism and a significant number had become so alienated from the regime that they espoused an early form of Shi’ite nationalism. This problem is insufficiently addressed in the existing literature, with clerical opposition in the early 1960s often explained in terms of Shi’ism’s supposedly revolutionary nature, reaction against the government’s attempt at land reform, Khomeini’s leadership, or other factors that undervalue the historical processes that led to this shift. I argue—based on previously un-explored British and American archival documents and recently available Persian primary sources—that the clerical dissent of the early 1960s was predicated on transformations that had been occurring over the preceding two decades, especially as the result of an ongoing campaign against the Baha’i minority and changes in the British and American assessment of the utility of Shi’ism in Iran. I offer a revisionist take on the institutional history of the ulama in Iran during this period by treating the oppositional clerical culture of the 1960s as a cultural artifact and exploring the ways in which it was historically produced in the two decades between the abdication of Reza Shah and Khomeini’s emergence as a leading voice of clerical opposition.
full document: pdf